Welcome to Panasonic Canada KWN

Glossary

Ambient sound
When everyone is quiet on location but noise still exists, e.g., barking dogs, airplanes, radios, fluorescent lights.

Angle
Camcorder placement in relation to subject in terms of height, e.g., high, low, eye-level, etc.

Audio dubbing
Adding voices, music or other sounds to video.

Backlight
A light source placed behind the subject to create a highlight that separates the subject from the background.

Biography
Non-fiction story about a person, usually told as 3rd-person narrative.

Bounce light
Soft light that gets to the subject indirectly, e.g., off walls, ceilings or reflecting devices.

Bounce sound
Sound heard as it reflects off various objects, e.g., echo.

Chronology
A sequential order in which past events occur according to time or date.

Close-Up
A "tight" shot that nearly fills the frame with the subject.

Continuity
The same placement of props, costumes and people from one video session to another. The smooth flow of real time (even if shot on different days).

Credits
The list of cast and crew, groups and all other people that helped make the video possible.

Direct sound
Sound directly from the subject to microphone.

Documentary
The telling of a true story or event that teaches or informs the audience about the subject and it can be current or historical.

Dubbing
Making a copy of your original video.

Editing
To assemble the components of a film/video by splicing and cutting to tell a story.

Editorial
Brief statement of opinion on a specific subject or issue.

Fine cut
Edited video that has the right sequence of shots and sounds. It is the last stage of editing before music and effects are added.

Flashback
Inserting past events or moments into a current scene.

Floating
Camcorder moves with the subject.

Frame
The border of the shot.

Key lighting
The border of the shot.

Logging
Reviewing all video, keeping track of counter numbers, types of shot, descriptions of sound and picture, etc. Logging is an important part of editing.

Medium shot
A basic shot which includes both the subject and surroundings.

Narrator
Someone who tells you about the story and is usually not a part of the story. Narration can be added during editing.

Natural light
Any lighting that exists on location (sunlight or electric).

News
Factual reporting based on current events which answers the questions: who, what, where, when, why, and how.

New vision
A new way of looking at social issues which impact the behaviour and/or consciousness of a viewer.

Pan
Moving the camcorder from left-to-right or right-to-left slowly following the subject.

Paper cut
A list of shots and sounds made on paper to help the editor.

Picture lock
After the fine cut, last minute changes are made here before adding music, narration or effects.

Point-of-view
A shot seen from a character's location and the attitude of the storyteller about the subject.

Pre-production
The research, planning and creative work done before actual filming begins.

Properties (also known as Props)
Items that characters use in the video, i.e., costumes, umbrellas, tables, chairs, etc.

Public Service Announcement (PSA)
Short video, such as a commercial, aimed at raising public awareness and persuade change in the behaviour of an audience.

Rough cut
First edit of the original video which places the shots in order, but does not try to be perfect.

Selects
Favourite shots used to make the rough edit.

Shoot
The actual, filming of your story.

Shot list
List of what you want to film.

Shot
Single frame of your story.

Side light
Dramatic light that creates heavy shadows and illuminates the subject from the side.

Snap zoom
Very fast zoom that blurs the scene as you zoom-in or out.

Soft light
Lighting that does not create a lot of shadows.

Storyboard
Cartoon drawings and description of the story which show the director what he may want to film.

Swish pan
Fast pan that blurs the move.

Takes
Shots you film to get it "right."

Tilt
Up or down movement of the camera.

Tracking shot
Camera person moves while the subject moves.

Videography
Use of the camera camcorder and script to tell the story.

Wide shot
Shows subject from a distance and tells the viewer about the subject's surroundings.

Zoom
Changes emphasis of your subject with close-ups or far away shots by adjusting the lens and not moving the camera.